Education, Gender Equitable

Resolution Adopted by the CCAR

Gender Equitable Education

Adopted by the 104th Annual

Convention of

the Central Conference of American Rabbis

Montreal, Quebec, June 1993


God created Adam in God’s own image, in the image of God was Adam

created; Male

and female God

created them. (Gen 1:27)”


Excellence in education cannot be fully addressed without

confronting the issue of


within the classroom. These classroom problems with regard to gender


been well documented in the

past few years, most recently in a 1992 study published

by the American Association of University

Women (AAUW). This study documented the persistence

of blatant and subtle sexism in American school

systems. It found that teachers pay

less attention to girls on a daily basis, that girls are still

far behind boys in math and science achievement, and that many school

textbooks still ignore girls and

women and still engage in gender


Excellence in education is firmly

tied to educational equality. The AAUW study confirmed

that children’s ideas of gender bias are

developed and legitimized in the classroom.

The Commission and the Union of American Hebrew

Congregations cannot support women’s equality without also actively

endorsing equality for females in all aspects of


In 1975, the CCAR urged Reform

congregations to rid religious school textbooks and

curricula of gender stereotypes. In the 1970s, the

Religious Action Center of Reform

Judaism undertook a review of the most popular UAHC textbooks

to identify and eliminate racial, sexual and ethnic stereotypes. That

study led to significant improvements

in the elimination of such images. Although the Union of

American Hebrew Congregations


strong positions on both the equality of the sexes and on excellence

in education, it does not directly address the integrally related

issue of gender equitable education.



that the Central Conference of American Rabbis:

1. Endorse legislation that funds the promotion of

gender equity in education;


Urge congregations and all institutions of Reform Judaism to examine

their own

approaches to gender

equity in their Religious and Hebrew schools. These approaches

include, but are not limited to,

the selection of textbooks that have appropriate

images of women and girls and men and boys, the

equitable treatment of girls and boys by Religious

and Hebrew school teachers.