Resolution Adopted by the CCAR
Jerusalem Location of the Museum of Tolerance
Adopted by the CCAR Board of Trustees
at the 120th Annual Convention of the Central Conference of American Rabbis
Cemeteries are sacred ground in our Jewish tradition, from the days of the Torah, which tells of Abraham’s purchase of a burial ground as our people’s first land acquisition in Eretz Yisrael, to this very day.
Too often, during painful times of our Jewish history, our cemeteries have been desecrated by those who wished us ill. It happened frequently in Medieval Europe. It happened during the Holocaust. Sadly, our burial places were also destroyed and treated with disrespect by Arab neighbors of Israel, when they occupied the West Bank of the Jordan River and much of Jerusalem from 1948 to 1967.
We are taught, “Let another’s property be dearer to you than your own.” Though these rabbinic words most often refer to ordinary property, how much more must they apply to cemeteries. If we hold our own cemeteries to be sacred, we surely must treat the burial places of others with respect.
We are also taught, “What is hateful to you, do not do to any person.” Those words of our ancient sage, Hillel, constitute the Jewish formulation of the “Golden Rule.” We would protest, in the strongest terms, not only desecration, but any removal of a Jewish cemetery, no matter what the purpose. Therefore, it is self-evident that we must oppose the removal of another people’s sacred burial ground, no matter how worthy the purpose.
The Simon Wiesenthal Center, a most worthy organization, is seeking to build its Jerusalem Museum of Tolerance atop the Mamilla Cemetery, an ancient Muslim burial place. While the Israeli Supreme Court has permitted the Wiesenthal Center to move ahead, an organization with high-minded goals like those of the Museum of Tolerance, cannot be satisfied with mere adherence to the law. As CCAR member and Union for Reform Judaism President, Rabbi Eric Yoffie, has pointed out, “A large and growing number of responsible, mainstream Jewish voices have spoken out against the museum, including the Reform movement’s Israel Religious Action Center. Dr. Rafi Greenberg, a prominent archaeologist at Tel Aviv University, has argued that Mamilla is one of the few surviving Islamic sites in western Jerusalem and therefore must be left intact.”
The Municipality of Jerusalem has offered attractive alternative sites to the Wiesenthal Center for its Museum of Tolerance.
Therefore, be it resolved, that the Central Conference of American Rabbis: